Phenomenal English

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Present Indefinite (Simple Present)

Definition of Present Indefinite:

Present Indefinite tense is used to express an action of present but accomplished state of action is not known. Present Indefinite also states universal truths, facts, likes, habits, repeated actions etc.

Usages of Present Indefinite:
  1. Present Indefinite Tense shows a verb or an action of present but accomplished state of action is not known.
    • The woodcutter cuts wood in the woods.
    • Joshi reaches his hospital early in the morning.
    • Children make paper boats.
  2. It is used to describe universal truths or facts.
    • A drawing man catches at straw.
    • The sun rises in the east.(Universal truth)
    • Eagle is a bird of prey. (Fact)
  3. To show an action happening in the present, an activity performed on regular basis or state of repeated actions in present
    • He wakes up early in the morning.
    • I learn grammar lessons daily.
    • Houssian gives online classes.
  4. To show a habit, like or dislike in present.
    • Jausha sleeps late.(Habbit)
    • He loves travelling with his friends. (Like)
    • I hate smoking. (Dislike)
  5. To describe hobbies and interests.
    • My neighbour takes exercise every.
    • Ali enjoys playing computer games.
    • Aryan collects old coins and stones
  6. To state someone's goals, wishes, ambitions.
    • Dr.Adnan wants to work for the poor.(Goal)
    • Radha wishes to become doctor.
    • My parents want to see me an engineer.
  7. To state someone or something or use of is, am, are.
    • This book is very informative.
    • Your poem is very nice.
    • William Wordsworth is a great poet.
  8. When Exclamatory sentences start with here or there to express what actually is happening at present moment.
    • Here comes my friend and benefactor!
    • Here we go!
    • There he goes!
  9. In story telling, as substitute of Past indefinite.
    • The King returns to his capital from the battlefield immediately.
    • The lion tears the goat into pieces and leaves.
  10. To express a near future event with fixed time, date or day.
    • The match starts at 5.30 in tomorroe morning.
    • The train arrives at 9 o'clock.
  11. To introduce quotes.
    • Shakespeare says,'All is well that ends well'.
    • Bacon says,'Hope is a good breakfast, but it is a bad supper'.
  12. It is used in conditional sentences in place of Simple Future either in clause of condition or clause of time.
    • If it does not rain on time crops will destroy.
    • If you work hard you will pass.
  13. It is uded instead of Present Continuous in commentaries on sporting events to describe activities in progress..
  14. To talk about scheduled events, timetables and plans.
    • The lecture starts at 8.00 A.M. OR The lecture will start at 8.00 A.M.
    • They do not start their business until 1st of April.
  15. For the news headlines when we describe a past event in present.
    • American president reaches China on a historic visit.
    • Car crashes into the wall leaving one dead and two injured.
Formation of Present Indefinite:
Affirmative Sentences

In positive or affirmative sentences of Present Indefinite Tense we use first form of verb and add S or ES at the end of verbs when subject of the sentence is Third Person Singular i.e (He,She,It or singular name) and when subject remains First Person, Second Person or Third Person Plural i.e (I,We,They,You or plural name ) we do not add S or ES at the end of verbs

Examples
  • Vikram eats mangoes.
  • Boys like to play cricket.
  • Grand mother tells us stories.
  • We take breakfast early in the morning.
  • This road leads to Dehli.
You Need to Stop Here
When to use 's' and when 'es' in Present Indefinite

When verbs or nouns end with ch, sh, x, o, ss or zz then we add 'es' at the end of those verbs or nouns .

Examples
  • Catch - catches
  • Bush - bushes
  • Box - boxes
  • Class - classes
  • Go - goes
  • Buzz - buzzes

When above mentioned letters do not occure at the end of words, we add 's' to make them plural.

Examples
  • Book - books
  • Cat - cats
  • Boy - boys
  • Pen - pens
  • Mobile - mobiles
  • Bags - bags
Interrogative Sentences

In interrogative sentences of Present Indefinte Tense we use Does in the beginning of sentence when subject of the sentence is Third Person Singular i.e (He,She,It or singular name) and when subject remains First Person, Second Person or Third Person Plural i.e (I,We,They,You or plural name ) we use Do in the beginning of sentence.

Examples
  • Does William eat mangoes?
  • Do boys like to play cricket?
  • Does grand mother tell us stories?
  • Do we take breakfast early in the morning?
  • Does this road lead to Dehli?

You need to stop here

Sometime we add DO, DOES, DID just after the subject to create emphasis, forcefulness or special weight in the sentence. It is also called The emphatic do. It is mostly used in speech than in formal written english.

Examples
  • James does sing a song.
  • I did try to play chess.
  • We do follow the rules.
Negative Sentences

In negative sentences of Present Indefinte Tense we use Does not after the subject of sentence when subject of the sentence is Third Person Singular i.e (He,She,It or singular name) and when subject remains First Person, Second Person or Third Person Plural i.e (I,We,They,You or plural name ) we use Do not after the subject of sentence.

Examples
  • Vikram does not eat mangoes.
  • Boys do not like to play cricket.
  • Grand mother does not tell us stories.
  • We do not take breakfast early.
  • This road leads to Dehli.